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Minutes of the Union Temperance Convention of the Colored Citizens : of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland and the District of Columbia.


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Minutes of the Union Temperance Convention of the Colored Citizens : of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland and the District of Columbia.


Pamphlet (16 p. ; 23 cm.)

























August 3rd 1843.--The following Resolution was unanimously adopted.

RESOLVED, --that a Temperance Convention, comprising the States of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, be held in the month of September next.

The undersigned Committee was appointed to make arrangements to carry the above resolution into effect. Agreeable to the duty devolved upon them, the committee have appointed the 4th Tuesday in September, 1843: for the opening of the Convention, to be held in the Spacious Temperance Hall, in the City of Wilmington, Delaware. The Committee earnestly solicits each and every one of the Temperanee Societies (of Colored Persons,) in the above named places, not to fail to be represented at the time appointed.

The cause of Temperance so universally recommends itself to the human Family, that the mere mention of Temperance suggests to every intelligent mind, the great good that results therefrom. The Committee deem it unnecessary herein to expatiate largely upon the utility and absolute necessity of Temperance reformation, especially among our community, as sueh necessity, daily observation makes lamentably apparant; the views given forth by the different speakers at the meeting alluded to, showing the necessity cf an Union of a number of Societies, by which they can more effectually operate upon the community as "in Union there is strength,' conseqnently we are confident that through an Uuion Convention of the above States, double as much more can be effected than can be effected by the seperate action of the several Societies.

The object of this Convention is to promote the great cause of Temperance, and the establishment of a Temperance News Paper, under the patronage of the Convention.

The Committee is desirous that all persons favourable to the cause, will exert themselves, to have the Convention fully attended, not only by the representatives of Societies, but they wish that all persons interested in the great cause of Temperance, will make use

of this opportunity to be present; as all will have opportunities to speak and to hear. There will be present a large number of the most popular Temperance Lecturers of the day. Then Brethern, we earnestly solicit one and all to be present at the Convention, where we may unite, and with joint effort we will set in motion a mighty moral power that will soon make drunkeness disappear from our land.

James Holland, Daniel Yates, Aaron Johnson, Rev. Mr. Rodgers, N. Jersey, James J. G. Bias, Samuel Van Brackle; James M'C. Crummill, Rev. Stephen Smith, John Lewis, George H. Amos, Philadelphia. Benjamin Clark, Hamilton Gray, York, Pennsylvania. John W. Adams, Levi Anderson, Matthew Lary, Delaware. Rev. Henry C. Turner, Marylond.


J. J. Bias, S. Van Brackle, John Lewis,

John W. Adams, Daniel Yates.

Pursuant to the above call a number of Delegates met in the African School house at half past twelve o'clock, on the 26th of September,—the Rev. Elimus P. Rogers, of Trenton, N. Jersey, was called to the chair, and J. W. Adams, and Samuel Harrison, were appointed secretaries. On motion the credentials of the respective delegates were handed in, read, accepted, and adopted, A.

On motion -- it was resolved that all person present, who reside within the area marked out by the call, be invited to take seats as members of the Convention.

On motion -- it was resolved that all persons present, from States not embraced within the call, be permitted to take seats as honorary members.

On motion -- a Committee consisting of two from each State, was appointed to nominate Officers for the Convention,-- B. The Committee withdrew for a few moments, and then submitted to the house their nomination, which was received and adopted, C.

The President, Mr. James M'C. Crummill, was escorted to the chair, and the several Officers having taken their seats. He rose and with some remarks appropriate to the occasion, thanked the Convention for the honour they confered upon him; and assured them, that he would, to the utmost of his power, do the duties incumbent upon him with impartiality.

On motion, -- A Committee of seven was appointed, to prepare business for the action of the Convention, D.

On motion, -- Mr. A. D. Shadd, was appointed to deliver an Address on Temperance, at 8 o'clock, this Evening.

Adjourned to meet at Esion Church at 3 o'clock.



Session opened with prayer,--and according to rule.

On motion,--It was resolved, that each Delegate, pay 12 ½ cents, to defray expenses.

The Business Committee, Reported the following preamble and Resolulions:--

Whereas, the condition of the Colored People in the Union generally, and in the States, which we represent in this Convention particularly, is a sad, depressed and degraded one; and, whereas, most of the evils and afflictions which effects us retard our progress, and prevent our elevation, originate in moral debasement, and the lack of spiritual emotions and activities; and, whereas, happiness is ever attendant upon moral exertion: efforts of a reformatory character are adapted to elevate, bless and ennoble a people; Therefore,

1st. Resolved,--That the Colored people of the States of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia, are called upon,--and are in a duty bound to come forward and exert themselves in behalf of Reform.

2d. Resolved,--That inasmuch, as Intemperance is a leading blight, and a curse among our people: efforts to stay its progress, and neutralize its power, are imperatively demanded.

3rd. Resolved,--That in order to aid in this great moral effort: it is fit and proper, and highly expedient, that we should have met, as we have in Convention to deliberate, and plan measures for the furtherance of the glorious cause of Temperance.

4th. Resolved,--That as a Convention, we are firmly convinced that it is the highest expediency; and, not only the highest expediency, but the safest course: not only the safest course, but the most healthy course, and not only these, but especially Right in the eternal nature of things, to abstain from all intoxicating, and therefore poisonous drinks, as a beverage.

5th. Resolved,--That TOTAL ABSTINENCE, then, from every thing intoxicating, is the principle of this Convention, and the great object which it is the purpose of this Convention to promote.

6th. Resolved,--That in order to disseminate the principles of this Convention, and to arouse our Brethern to earnest, and hearty cooperation in the cause of Temperance, that a Committee of three, E, be appointed to draft a short address, calling upon the people to engage in the glorious cause.

They having been read, and accepted.

On motion,--They were taken up seperately; for the action of the Convention.

On motion,--The preamble was taken up; and after some discusion it was adopted. After its adoption, several members manifesting dissatisfaction, relative to the words "degradation" and "debasement:" it was moved and carried, that the preamble be reconsidered. An animated discusion ensued: until,--On motion, it was laid on the table, until after the consideration of the resolution


annexed to it. The first and second Resolutions having been adopted; and whilst the third was pending, the Convention adjourned to meet at the School house, at Eight P. M.


Session opened with prayer,—and according to rule.

The President introduced to the Convention, Mr. A. D. Shadd, who addressed the house in a very impressive manner, on the necessity of Total Abstinence, and moral Reform. After which,—On motion,—The third, fourth, fifth and sixth, Resolutions were seperately taken up, and adopted.

The preamble was then taken up, and a warm discussion was kept up, until—On motion,—the Convention adjourned to meet on Wednesday morning at Esion Church, at 7 o'clock.


Session opened with prayer,—and according to rule.

The preamble was called up, and an amendment was offered by John Lewis, of Philadelphia, to make the preamble read thus,

Whereas, the condition of the Colored people in the Union generally, and in the States, which we represent in this Convention particularly, is a sad and depressed one; and, whereas, many of the evils and afflictions which affects us, retard our progress, and prevent our elevation, originate in Intemperance, and the lack of spiritual emotions and activities: and, whereas, happiness is ever attendant upon moral exertion: efforts of a reformatory character, should be adopted to elevate, bless and ennoble a people.

A number of members spoke largely: some against, and some for the amendment, which on the yeas and nays, being called for, it was, as amended, carried by a large majority.

It was—On motion,—Resolved that this Convention adjourn to this evening at half past 9 o'clock, sine die.

The Business Commttee Reported the following Resolutions:—

Resolved,—That not only are we prompted to exertion in this cause, by the frightful ravages of intemperance; but our regard to health and physical comfort induces us to call upon our people to join in the cause of Temperance.

Resolved,—That when we examine the duties promted by religion. and the requirements it makes of its followers; we find them not only in accordance with Temperance, but demanding of us a sympathy in, and a practice of it. Therefore,


Resolved,—That we look earnestly and confidently to all professors of religion among our people, to manifest engagedness in this cause; and whereas the Ministers of the Gospel as spiritual guides, and as teachers and leaders in morals, have it in their power, both by their preaching and examples, to give vigorous furtherance to the cause of moral regeneration. Therefore,

Resolved,—That we call upon the Ministers of the Gospel, to lend their invaluable agency in the promotion of this cause; and, to endeavor by all the means in their power, to commend the habits of Temperance, and Abstinence from Alcoholic drinks among the people of their charge, and especially at weddings and entertainments.

On motion,—the set were accepted; taken up separately, and adopted.

The Business Committee submitted the following preamble and resolutions:—

Whereas, a regular and proper organization is alone fitted to give strength and promote the efficiency of a cause of a moral nature. Therefore,

Resolved,—That this Convention deem it requisite to form those plans, and adopt those measures which seem calculated to promote unity of effort, and community of feeling. Therefore,

Resolved,—That a Central Executive Committee, consisting of twenty-one members, be located in Philadelphia, under whose control shall be placed the general interests of the cause in the States here represented, carry on correspondence in order to excite action, and also, to obtain and keep in the field Agents.

Resolved,—That there be Local Committies appointed in the chief town in each State, whose purpose shall be to promote State and county Conventions in their respective States and districts, to form Societies, and keep Agents in the field, so far as it is possible and expedient.

Resolved.—That Baltimore, Maryland, Washington, District of Columbia, Trenton, New Jersey, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and Wilmington, Delaware; be the several localities where Committees shall be appointed.

Resolved,—That those Committees be earnestly requested to employ all the agencies, and put forth all possible exertions to bring into action all the moral power of our people in each State, County, City, and Town.

On motion—they were accepted, taken up in succession, and adopted.

On motion—it was Resolved, that the number of Vice Presidents be increased by an addition of two: the power being given to the President. Rev. Thomas Watkins, of Baltimore, and C. W. Gardiner of Philadelphia, were appointed.

The Business Committee Reported the following:—

Whereas, the establishment of a paper, was presented as one of the purposes for which this Convention was called; and, whereas this subject has engaged the attention of several members, and has


come before this Committee; and, whereas we as a Committee, feel unwilling that we should take the entire responsibility of the matter. Therefore,

Resolved,—That we deem it inexpedient to recommend the establishment of a paper at present.

They having been accepted.—On motion, the Convention resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, to consider the above preamble and resolution; and to nominate the Executive and Local Committees.

A. D. Shadd, was called to the chair, and after a lengthy and animated discussion, the house adjourned to meet at 2 o'clock.


Session opened with prayer,—and according to rule.

The Committee went into Session, and having nominated the Executive and Local Committees, and not having arrived at any conclusion relative to the preamble and resolution, voted to rise and report so far as they had gone.

The President Jas. M'C. Crummill, took the chair. The Committee Reported their nomination of the Committies—F, and their non-conclusion relative to the paper. The nomination was adopted.

The preamble and resolution were taken up, and an amendment was offered by J. Lewis, to strike out all after resolved, and insert—That this Convention recommend the publishing of a Temperance News Paper, and that all the different Temperan e Societies within the District of Columbia. and the States named in the call of this Convention stand pledged to take a number not less than copies.

An interresting discussion ensued; the amendment was rejected: the yeas and nays were called for upon the main question; they were put, and the preamble and resolution were carried by a large majority.

The Committee on Address Reported; the address having been read,—On motion, it was adopted.

Mr. A. D. Shadd, now begged a discharge of the Business Committee, and on making it known that he was about to take his departure, an unanimous vote of the Convention was tendered to him, for the able manner in which he presided over the Business Committee; to which Mr. Shadd, briefly replied in a speech, containing multum in parvo.

On motion,—a Financial Committee of three was appointed, consisting of Jas. M'C. Crummill, John Lewis, and J. W. Adams.

On motion,—a Publication Committee of five persons was appointed, consisting of Jas. M'C. Crummill, Jas. J. G. Bias, J. W. Adams, John Lewis, D. B. Anderson.

On motion—it was resolved that the Foreman of each Delegation,


pay one Dollar towards paying the expense of publishing the minutes.

On motion—it was resolved, that the Foreman of each Delegation, give a verbal statement of the rise and progress of their respective Societies.

On motion,—adjourned to meet at 8 o'clock, P. M.


The Convention opened with prayer,—and according to rule.

On motion—of Mr. Burleigh, the Rev. Mr. Kennady, was invited to address the Convention.

Mr. Kennady, came forward, and in a very prepossessing style, addressed the house in approval of the proceedings that he had witnessed during the sitting of the Convention; and in behalf of the white citizens of Wilmington, assured the Convention of their approbation, and entire approval of the whole proceedings.

On motion—a vote of thanks was tendered to Rev. Mr. Kennady, for his address, and also to the citizens generally of Wilmington, for their kind feelings manifested towards the Convention, and the delegates during their sojourn in the city.

On motion—the Rev. Mr. Crummell, addressed the house. The hour of adjournment according to previous resolution, having now arrived, the President informed the house of the same; but as some important business had not yet been transacted, the Rev. Mr. Kennady, stated to the house that the Church was under his charge, and that he and many of the white citizens being present, the Convention might hold its session until as late an hour as it thought proper, and that they would take the responsibility upon themselves.

By request of several white gentlemen, Mr. J. J. G. Bias, addressed the house. Several other gentlemen also addressed the house.

On motion—votes of thanks were tendered to the Preacher, and Trustees of Esion Church, for the use of the Church—and to Mr. Adams, for the use of the School house.

On motion—a vote of thanks was tendered to Capt. Whilldin, of the Steamboat SUN, for his liberality in not charging full price for the passage of delegates to, and from the Convention. On motion,

Resolved,—That this Convention tender a vote of thanks to our respected President, for the able and impartial manner in which he has discharged the duties of his office. On motion,

Resolved,—That a vote of thanks be tendered to the Vice Presidents, and Secretaries. On motion,

Resolved,—That we record a grateful sense of thankfulness to Almighty God, for the peace and blessedness we have enjoyed during our Session. Adjourned sine die.

Benediction by the Pastor in charge.








Delegates to the Convention.

Rev. Stephen Smith,

J. J. G. Bias, George Milburn, Evan Jones,

Henry C, Cornish, Wm. Burleigh, Samuel Nicholas,

Samuel Harrison, Isaac Jackson, Z. Purnell,

George Davis, Nathaniel Depee, Rev. Geo. Galbreth,

Samuel Morgan, Ephraim D. Williams, Albert H. Hall,

Morris Hall, Edward Coulter, Limos Johnson,

John Mentin, Sam'l Van Bracle, Rev. Josh. P.B. Eddy,






Delegates to the Convention.

Dan'l B. Anderson, Matthew G. Lary, Levi Anderson,

Thos. B. Walker, Jas. Orange, J.W. Adams,

Joseph Whittington, Ralph Harden, James Campbell,

Edwd. Sharper, Levi Medford, Levi Naylor,

Ezekiel Caldwell, Jas. Spencer, Samuel Brown,

Moses G. Wilson, Thomas B. Walker, Henry Banks,

James Wilson, Joseph G. Agness, Wm. Cooper, 2d.

Joseph Agness, Wm. Johnson, James Butler, sen.,

Michael Boyer, Wm. Saunders. Jacob Johnson,

George Wharton, Abraham Murray. Henry W. Wright,

Alexander Freeman?






Delegates to the Convention.

Rev. Mr. Crummell,

Jas. M'C. Crummill, James Clark, Nathaniel Depee,

John Lewis, Anthony Campbell, George Buck,

Robert Robertson, John Nelson, James M. Fells,

Rev. Wm. Douglass, Rueben Barret, John Morun,

John C. Bowers, John Winer, Robert Jones,

Isaac J. White, Jas. P. Clay, Jos. Cassy,

Littleton Hubert, Jacob Reed, Jones Willson,

Jacob Johnson, Mr. Adams, Richard Wilson,

Evan Jones, George L. Frisby, Samuel Harrison,

Moses Worthington, Henry Cornish, Robert Barger,

Benj. Stanly, Joshua P.B. Eddy, Mr. Yates,

George Milbern, Parmer Johnson, Walter Burr.

Wm. Knight, Wm. Woods,







ASHBURY TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY, of Baltimore, Maryland. Formed, February 2d 1841. President, THOMAS WATKINS. Present number of members 2384,


Rev. Thomas Watkins, J. Primrose.

BETHAL TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY, of Baltimore, Md. Formed, March 26th 1841. President, ROBERT M. SMITH. Present number of members 436.


John Charles Fortie, Samuel Watts.

FIRST COLORED AMERICAN TEMPERANCE BENEVOLENT SOCIETY, of the city and County of Philadelphia. Formed, February 18th 1841. President, JAMES WILLAMS. Present number of members 76.


George Simpson, Isaiah Wears, John E. Moore.

WILBERFORCE TEMPERENCE SOCIETY, of the Borough of Bordentown, New Jersey. Formed March 14th 1842. President, JOSEPH GREEN. Present number of members 72.


Gidion Lewis, junior.


EAST BALTIMORE TOTAL ABSTINENCE ASSOCIATION. Formed, May 3rd 1841. President, DAVID LOMAX. Present number of members 456.


Joseph Louis, Thomas H. Queen, Daniel Koburn,

BURLINGTON TEMPERANCE SOCIETY, New Jersey. Formed, February 1st 1843. President, JOSHUA WOODLAND. Present number of members 67.


Joshua Woodland.

SCHUYLKILL TEMPERANCE BENEFICIAL SOCIETY, of Pottsville, Pennsylvania. Formed President, WM. H. SUMNER. Present number of members


William Washington.

FRANKFORD TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY, of Frankford, Pennsylvania. Formed, 1841. President, RANDOLPH PLEASANT. Present number of members 79.


Henderson Davis, John Wilson, James C. Watson.

WEST PHILADELPHIA TEMPERANCE SOCIETY. Formed August 1st 1843. President, GILES SCOTT. Present number of members 55.


Benjamin Harris, William Jackson,

JAMES FORTEN TEMPERANCE BENEFICIAL SOCIETY. of Philadelphia. Formed, April 5th 1842. President, JOHN B. ROBERTS. Present number of members 25.


John B. Roberts, George H. Amos.

DELEVAN UNION TEMPERANCE ASSOCIATION, of Albany, New York. Formed, October 3rd 1842. Members 3000. Rev. J. H. TOWNSEND, participated as honorary member.

WEST CHESTER FARMING TEMPERANCE SOCIETY. Pennsylvania. Formed, President, Present number of members


Abraham D. Shadd, Joseph Thomas, Benjamin Freeman, John Williams,

RACHABITE TEMPERANCE BENEFICIAL SOCIETY, of the First Colored Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia. Formed, President, Present number of members


Charles W. Gardiner.



Mr. Smithie.


Letters from Theo. S. Wright, and Wm. P. Johnson, of New York, and from H. Gibbons, of Philadelphia, were received and read.

Letters were received by the Corresponding Committee, from Mount Holly, and from Darby, expressing their good wishes towards the cause: and their regrets that owing to the late reception of the circular, --they were prevented from sending delegates to attend the Convention. Number of members to the Mount Holly Temperance Society, 227.



Committee to Nominate Officers.

Gideon Lewis, of Bordenton, New Jersey.

Joshua Woodland, of Burlington, New Jersey.

Thomas B. Walker, Wilmington. Delaware.

James Campbell, do do

Samuel Van Brackle, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Rev. Alexander Crummell, do do


Officers of the Convention.

President, James M'C. Crummill, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Vice President, John W. Adams, of Wilmington, Delaware.

do Rev. E. P. Rogers, of Trenton, New Jersey.

do Isaac J. White, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

do Joshua Woodland, of Burlington, New Jersey.

do Rev. Thomas Watkins, of Baltimore, M'd.

do Levy Anderson, of Wilmington, Delaware.

do Rev. Charles W. Gardiner, of Philadelphia, P'a.

Secretaries, Dan'l B. Anderson, of Wilmington, Del.

John Lewis, of Philadelphia, P'a.


Committee to prepare Business for the Convention.

A. D. Shadd, of Westchester, P'a. E. P. Rodgers. Rev. Alex. Crummell. Samuel Van Brackle. J. J. G. Bias. J. Woodland. J. W. Admas.


Committee on Address.

Rev. A Crummell, A. D. Shadd, C. P. Rogers.


Executive Committee

Jas. J. G. Bias, Samuel Harrison, A.D. Shadd, West

Rev. Stehen Smith, Williams B. Adams, West Chester, P'a

Sam'l Van Brackle, Isaiah Wears, Gideon Lewis, New

Jas. M'C Crummill, Z. Purnell, Jersey.

Ignatius Beck, Henry Cornish, J.W. Addams, Del.

George Simpson, George Amos, Rev. E. P. Rorgers,

John E. Moore, H. Davis, New Jersey

Wm. Burleigh, W. Whipper, Col. P'a. H.H. Webb, M'd.



WASHINGTON, District of Columbia.

Rev. D. A. Payne,

Rev. Jno. F. Cook, Francis Datcher, Jos. Warren,

Rev. Mr. Collins, Enoch Bell, Rev. Mr. Williams.

BALTIMORE, Maryland.

Rev. T. Watkins,

Daniel W. Moore, Joseph Lewis, D. Coburn,

Rev. H. C. Turner, Rev. Mr. Lea, J. C. Fortie.

PITTSBURG, Pennsylvania.

John Peck,

Mr. Lewis, M. R. Delany, Rev. F. Davis,

Rev. Lewis Woodson, Rev. J. Cole, D. Mahony.

TRENTON, New Jersey.

Rev. E. P. Rogers,

Joshua Woodland, R. Thomas, S. Holcomb,

J. Smith, Gideon Lewis, B. Steward.


J. W. Adams,

D. B. Anderson, Wm. Saunders, Abraham Murray,

Levi Anderson, C. Caldwell, Jas. Campbell.




States of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia.


The Convention assembled in this place have just finished a Session, interesting to themselves and encouraging to their friends. We now address you with reference to the sentiments we have adopted, and the object we have in view.

The Convention has decided in unusual and earnest activity upon the cause of Temperance. When looking at the condition of our people, we think we see necessities of the strongest and most pressing character, which call for such exertions. When we examine the moral structure and the moral purposes of being, we find a


nature who dictates and prompts us to efforts of a moral character. When we contemplate the immortal destiny of the soul, and the manner it will be effected through all eternity by its moral state in in this world, we see the absolute necessity of putting forth some efforts to relieve ourselves from the influence of an evil which imbitters the well springs of human existence, and which will darken the pathway of the soul through the deep vistas of eternity.

Look where we may, among our people, and we behold elements at work among them of the most demoralizing nature and influences. Tendencies sway and govern with an almost omnipotent power over large masses, which while of no power to bless, are filled with evil. Among these evils, INTEMPERANCE stands out among the chief. Its influence and power is wide spread destructive and malignant. Its deleterious effects may be seen, as they are felt in almost every quarter, and in all relations.

We enter the domestic circle and of'times meet there the tearful eye, the subdued countenance, and the bruised heart. And these are the effects of Intemperance.

We look at our Literary wants, and find our people held back from mental improvement by devotion to gratification, and the intense thirst of an unnatural and depraved appetite.

We seek solace and enjoyment in all the offerings and charities of social life, and these of'times the curse of intemperance is present; and peace, enjoyment, and delight, are banished thence by the destructive irrepressible energy of Alcohol. With intense yearnings and desires, we flee to the sanctuary and court the associations which cluster around religious rites and institutions. Even there the blighting influence of Intemperance introduces itself, and the power of religious examples is neutralized by the evil of intoxicating drinks.

Its ravages may be seen in the emaciated forms, and the deep impurities of numbers whom it has directed to the scenes of vice, infamy, and polution. Go forth in the grave-yard, and behold its desolation in the premature decay, and the early death of the crowds whose mouldering remains make green the grass that springs up in the grave-yard.

Brethern, this is a brief transcript of the moral abasement in which too many of our people exits under the blighting power of Alcohol. Intemperance is one of the grand causes of the evils which we suffer. It is one of the great afflictions which have tended to destroy our happiness, and eat out our hearts.

And in this, is there not enough to call forth sensibility, and lead to action? Is not this sufficient to awaken the whole people to a sense of religious responsibility, and the performance of duty? Shall the suffering and dying ones around us our own brethern, be left to continue in evil practices, spread the miasma of their influence abroad, and corrupt society?

Brethern, this great evil can be effectually removed, its power neutralized, and its influence stayed? By unity of purpose, and moral exertion we can send out an earnest voice and in decisive tones,—"Thus far shalt thou come, but no farther; and here shall thy proud waves be stayed !"


    Brethern, all that is required is, that you should feel a sense of your responsibilities to your fellows and to God, and then live up to them.  And to this, does this Convention now call you. 
    in this great effort for elevation above Intemperance, we not only invite the co-operation; but in the name of suffering and debased humanity. in the name of religion, in the name of a common Master and Father, we lay claim to the sympathies and the exertions of our Brethern. The moral efforts herein required are of such a character, that no man can claim exemption from them. In moral reformation, the interests of all men, are the interests of every man. The relation we sustain to our fellows connect the hearts of universal humanity, "No man liveth to himself" we are placed in this world to devote our being to the glory of God and the well being of man. 
    It is our duty then to lend our influence, and expend our powers in the promotion of such a hallowed moral effort as Temperance. Not only so. Our happiness is connected with doing good. We receive as we give. Just in proportion as we are active in saving man from evil, and plucking him from ruin; so are we blessed in hearts and increased in Spiritual power. 
    In order then to give efficiency to the views herein set forth, and bring out more exertion in the cause of temperance, and save the people from the cursing influence of Alcohol; the Convention have adopted certain plans and measures which they commend to your notice and regard. 
    We have appointed a Central Committee to have charge of the general concerns of the cause in the States represented in this Convention. We have located committees in the several chief points in these States. It desires by these agencies to quicken into effort the moral power and ability of the different States, and all the counties, and towns, and villages in them. We desire to bring the claims of this cause before every individual in these States. We wish that the blessed influence of temperance should visit every fireside, that its moral power should be felt in every soul. 
    Brethern, we call upon you for this great moral effort. We ask the young, the aged, the wise, the reflective, and the eloquent, to come forward and present their respective offerings at the shrine of temperance. We invite the exertions of the whole people. We would see every cloud of moral abasement dispersed--every vestige of intemperance destroyed. 
    Come forth then Brethern, in this glorious heavenly cause, and yours will be the blessings of many ready to perish. You will receive the benedictions of the fatherless. You will cause the widows heart to sing for joy. The atmosphere of morals shall be purified through your exertions. You will send forth healing influence in all relations of life. You will gain for your own hearts the most blessed assurances, spread abroad a saving power among the people, and send down to future times the light and energy of sound moral principles, and exertions. 




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Union Temperance Convention of the Colored Citizens., “Minutes of the Union Temperance Convention of the Colored Citizens : of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland and the District of Columbia.,” Colored Conventions Project Digital Records, accessed July 23, 2021,